What is Assignment Operator In C++ Classes?

In C++, Classes and Objects are part of object-oriented methods and typically provide features such as properties and methods. One of the features of a C++ Editor are assignment operators such as copy assignment and move assignment operators. In C++, a copy assignment operator is used with “operator=” to create a new object from an existing one. In this post, we explain assignment operator with copy assignment operator examples in C++.

If you are looking Assignment Operators in C or C++, we cover these in the article below.

What is an assignment operator in C++? How can I use assignment operators in C++ compiler? Are there any examples of assignment operators that can be used in C++ code? In this post, we explain how we can use assignment operators in modern operations like copy assignment operations.

What are classes and objects in C++?

Classes are defined in C++ using the keyword class followed by the name of the class. Classes are the blueprint for the objects and they are user-defined data types that we can use in our program. Objects are an instantiation of a class, In C++ programming, because it is designed to be strongly object oriented most of the commands are associated with classes and objects, along with their attributes and methods. Here is a simple class example below.

What is a copy assignment operator in C++?

The Copy Assignment Operator, in a class, is a non-template non-static member function that is declared with the “operator=“. When you create a class or a type that is copy assignable (that you can copy with the = operator symbol), it must have a public copy assignment operator. Here is a simple syntax for the typical declaration of a copy assignment operator which is defaulted,

Syntax (Since C++11).

Here is an example in a class.

Is there a simple example of using the assignment operator in C++?

The forced copy assignment operator is default in any class declarations. This means you don’t need to declare it as above, let’s see some examples without using it.

Her’s a simple C++ example of a copy assignment operator with default option, here is a simple class.

Because this is default in any class declaration, and it is automatically declared. This class is same as below.

And here is how you can use this “=” copy assignment operator with both class examples above.

Is there a full example of how to use the assignment operator in C++?

Here is an example with a copy assignment operator in a class,

Here is the output.

As you see, in Modern C++, we can specialize the “=” operator on what to copy or not, with the copy assignment operator.

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